Open Neural Tube Defects (ONTDs) in Children

Open neural tube defects (ONTDs) are problems with the way the brain, spinal cord, or spine forms while a baby is growing in the mother’s uterus.

Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip in Children

In a normal hip joint, the top (head) of the thighbone (femur) fits snugly into the hip socket. In a child with DDH, the hip socket is shallow. As a result, the head of the femur may slip in and out.

Trisomy 13 and Trisomy 18 in Children

Trisomy 13 and trisomy 18 are genetic disorders. They include a combination of birth defects. This includes severe learning problems and health problems that affect nearly every organ in the body.

Turner Syndrome (Monosomy X) in Children

Turner syndrome is a genetic disorder that occurs in girls. It causes a variety of traits and problems.

Hypospadias in Children

Hypospadias is a problem where the opening of the urethra is not at the tip of the penis. With hypospadias, the end of the tube is lower down on the underside of the penis. Or it may be in the scrotum.