Endometrial Biopsy

An endometrial biopsy is a way for your clinician to take a small piece of tissue from the lining of your uterus (the endometrium) so that it may be examined under a microscope to identify the presence of abnormal cells.

Reasons for an endometrial biopsy may include:

  • Identifying the cause of heavy uterine bleeding
  • Examining cells for the presence of cancer after an abnormal cervical cancer screening (pap exam)
  • Evaluating whether the uterus is capable of supporting a pregnancy (for patients who are having difficulties becoming pregnant)
  • Determining whether the endometrium is undergoing normal changes that are synchronized with the menstrual cycle
  • Checking for conditions such as endometriosis
  • Evaluating the effects of hormone replacement therapy
  • Detecting the presence of abnormal cells or cancer