A pelvic ultrasound is most often performed to evaluate the uterus, cervix, ovaries, fallopian tubes and bladder. Women with pelvic pain, abnormal bleeding and other menstrual problems may undergo a pelvic ultrasound for the diagnosis of palpable masses such as ovarian cysts and uterine fibroids, as well as ovarian and uterine cancers.
Ultrasounds of the abdomen, liver and gallbladder are typically done for abdominal pain or distension, abnormal liver function, an enlarged abdominal organ and/or gallbladder stones.
A sonohysterogram is used to evaluate unexplained vaginal bleeding that may be the result of uterine abnormalities such as polyps, fibroids, endometrial atrophy, endometrial adhesions (or scarring), malignant lesions/masses and/or congenital defects.
A thyroid ultrasound is used to evaluate lumps and nodules on your thyroid.