Hysteroscopy is the exam of the
inside of the cervix and uterus. It uses a thin, lighted, flexible tube called a
hysteroscope. Your healthcare provider inserts the device through the vagina.
Your provider may use hysteroscopy to:
- Take a tissue sample (biopsy)
- Remove polyps or fibroid tumors
- Prevent bleeding by destroying tissue
using an electric current, freezing temperature, heat, or chemicals
Your provider may do hysteroscopy
in their office or in an outpatient center. You may have local or no anesthesia.
Procedures that are more complex may be done in the operating room under local,
regional, or general anesthesia.
You may need a hysteroscopy for:
- Abnormal Pap test results
- Abnormal uterine bleeding
- Bleeding after menopause
- Retained pregnancy tissue
- Diagnosis of infertility or repeated
- Examination and removal of uterine
scarring, polyps, or fibroids
- Treatment of a uterine abnormality called a uterine septum
- Removal of displaced IUDs
- Removal of a small tissue sample
- Removal of endometrial lining
You can’t have a hysteroscopy if you are pregnant.
Your healthcare provider may have other reasons to do a hysteroscopy.
Some possible complications of hysteroscopy may include:
- Pelvic inflammatory disease
- Tears in the uterus (rare) or damage
to the cervix
- Complications from fluid or gas used to expand the uterus
You may have slight vaginal
bleeding and cramps for a day or 2 after the procedure.
There may be other risks based on your condition. Be sure to discuss any concerns
with your healthcare provider before the procedure.
Certain things may interfere with a hysteroscopy. These include:
- Pelvic inflammatory disease
- Vaginal discharge
- Inflamed cervix
- Distended bladder
- Your healthcare provider will explain the procedure and you can ask questions.
- You may be asked to sign a consent
form that gives permission to do the procedure. Read the form carefully. Ask
questions if something is not clear.
- Your provider may do a physical exam to be sure you are in good health. You may have
blood tests or other diagnostic tests.
- You may be asked to fast before the procedure if you are to get local or general anesthesia.
You may have local or regional anesthesia or no anesthesia. This depends on what other
procedures your provider will do at the same time.
- If you are pregnant or think you could be, tell your healthcare provider.
- Tell your healthcare provider if you are sensitive to or are allergic to any medicines,
iodine, latex, tape, or anesthesia.
- Tell your healthcare provider of all medicines (prescription and over-the-counter)
and herbal supplements that you are taking.
- Tell your healthcare provider if you
have a history of bleeding disorders. Also tell your provider if you are taking any
blood-thinning medicines (anticoagulants), aspirin, or other medicines that affect
blood clotting. You may be told to stop these medicines before the procedure.
- You may get a sedative before the procedure to help you relax. If so, you will need
someone to drive you home.
- You will be scheduled to have the procedure after your period and before ovulation.
This lets your provider get the best view of the uterus. It also avoids harm to a
- Dress in clothes that give access to the area or that are easily removed.
- Follow any other instructions your provider gives you to get ready.
Your provider may do a hysteroscopy
on an outpatient basis or during a hospital stay. Procedures may vary based on your
condition and your healthcare provider’s practices.
Generally, a hysteroscopy follows this process:
- You will remove your clothing and put on a hospital gown.
- You will empty your bladder before the procedure.
- An intravenous (IV) line may be put in your arm or hand.
- You will be positioned on an operating table, lying on your back with your feet in
- The vaginal area will be cleaned with an antiseptic solution.
- Your provider may dilate your cervix before inserting the hysteroscope.
- Your provider will insert the hysteroscope into the vagina, through the cervix, and
into the uterus.
- Your provider will inject a liquid or gas through the hysteroscope to expand the uterus
for a better view.
- Your provider will examine the wall of
the uterus for problems. They may take photographs or videos and take tissue samples
- If you need a procedure, such as fibroid removal, your provider will insert tools
through the hysteroscope.
- For more complex procedures, your provider may insert another type of scope through
the belly (laparoscope) to view the outside of the uterus at the same time.
- When the procedure is done, your provider will remove the hysteroscope.
Your recovery will vary based on
the type of anesthesia you have. If your provider used general anesthesia or a sedative,
your provider will track your blood pressure, pulse, and breathing until they are
and you are alert. When stable, you will be discharged home. Hysteroscopy is most
done on an outpatient basis.
Otherwise, you won’t need any special care after a hysteroscopy.
You may have cramping and vaginal
bleeding for a day or 2 after the procedure. Report fever, severe abdominal pain,
heavy vaginal bleeding or discharge.
You may have gas in the digestive tract and pains from the gas given during the procedure.
This can last for about 24 hours. You may also feel pain in your upper belly and shoulder.
Take a pain reliever for soreness as advised by your healthcare provider. Aspirin
or certain other pain medicines may increase the chance of bleeding. Be sure to take
only recommended medicines.
Don’t douche or have sex for 2 weeks after the procedure, or as advised by your healthcare
You can go back to normal activity and diet unless your healthcare provider tells
Your healthcare provider may give you other instructions based on your situation.
Before you agree to the test or the procedure, make sure you
- The name of the test or procedure
- The reason you are having the test or procedure
- What results to expect and what they mean
- The risks and benefits of the test or procedure
- What the possible side effects or complications are
- When and where you are to have the test or procedure
- Who will do the test or procedure and what that person’s qualifications are
- What would happen if you did not have the test or procedure
- Any alternative tests or procedures to think about
- When and how you will get the
- Who to call after the test or procedure if you have questions or problems
- How much you will have to pay for the
test or procedure